Rule 2.00 APPEAL
An APPEAL is the act of a fielder in claiming violation of the rules by the offensive team.
There are no offensive appeals, only appeals by the defense.
There are three types of appeals:
(1) batting out of order [Rule 6.07];
(2) runner failed to touch or retouch a base [Rule 7.10]; and
(3) check swing [9.02(c)].
The rules also refer to a manager's appeal to an umpire concerning a conflict with the rules [Rule 9.02]
Rule 2.00 INFIELD FLY
Rule 4.09 CMT
Rule 7.05(i) CMT
Rule 7.08(a) CMT